Study locates HIV pandemic’s origins to Kinshasa

Professor Oliver Pybus, Fellow of New College, explains his research into the early history of HIV. Professor Pybus and an international team of scientists traced HIV back to the capital of the Democratic Republic of Congo in the 1920s.

The HIV pandemic that has affected many people across the globe is almost certain to have begun its global spread from Kinshasa, the capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), according to a new study.   An international team, led by Oxford University and University of Leuven scientists, has reconstructed the genetic history of the HIV-1 group M pandemic, the event that saw HIV spread across the African continent and around the world, and concluded that it originated in Kinshasa. The team’s analysis suggests that, between the 1920s and 1950s, a ‘perfect storm’ of factors, including urban growth, strong railway links during Belgian colonial rule, and changes to the sex trade, combined to see HIV emerge from Kinshasa and spread across the globe. ‘Until now most studies have taken a piecemeal approach to HIV’s genetic history, looking at particular HIV genomes in particular locations,’ said Professor Oliver Pybus of New College and Oxford University’s Department of Zoology. He added: ‘For the first time we have analysed all the available evidence using the latest phylogeographic techniques, which enable us to statistically estimate where a virus comes from. This means we can say with a high degree of certainty where and when the HIV pandemic originated. It seems a combination of factors in Kinshasa in the early 20th Century created a ‘perfect storm’ for the emergence of HIV, leading to a generalised epidemic with unstoppable momentum that unrolled across sub-Saharan Africa.’ Nuno Faria of Oxford University’s Department of Zoology is also quoted.

http://www.hindustantimes.com/world-news/study-locates-hiv-pandemic-s-origins-to-kinshasa/article1-1271206.aspx

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AIDS TRACED BACK TO 1920s BELGIAN CONGO
The Daily Mirror, 04/10/2014, p.29, Andrew Gregory 
http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/technology-science/science/scientists-say-aids-can-traced-4371392
Disease spread of HIV began in 1920s Kinshasa
South China Morning Post (Hong Kong), 04/10/2014, p.9, via The Guardian
http://www.scmp.com/news/world/article/1609024/1920s-kinshasa-was-ground-zero-hiv-gene-sequencing-shows
Who said it?
South China Morning Post (Hong Kong), 04/10/2014, p.2
http://www.scmp.com/comment/insight-opinion/article/1609087/who-said-it

Origin of Aids pandemic traced to Kinshasa in 1920s

Daily Telegraph, 03/10/2014

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/africaandindianocean/democraticrepublicofcongo/11138067/Origin-of-Aids-pandemic-traced-to-Kinshasa-in-1920s.html

HIV emerged in Belgian Congo in 1920s

Sydney Morning Herald (Australia), 04/10/2014

http://www.smh.com.au/world/hiv-emerged-in-belgian-congo-in-1920s-20141004-10qapr.html
AIDS emerged in Belgian Congo in 1920s

Herald Sun (Australia), 04/10/2014

http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/breaking-news/aids-emerged-in-belgian-congo-in-1920s/story-fni0xqll-1227079850657?from=herald+sun_rss

The truth about the origins of AIDS

Herald Sun (Australia), 04/10/2014

http://www.heraldsun.com.au/technology/science/oxford-university-researchers-show-hiv-originated-in-kinshasa-democratic-republic-of-congo/story-fni0c0qs-1227079885896?from=herald+sun_rss

AIDS emerged in Belgian Congo in 1920s

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The truth about the origins of AIDS

NEWS.com.au (Australia), 04/10/2014

http://www.news.com.au/technology/science/oxford-university-researchers-show-hiv-originated-in-kinshasa-democratic-republic-of-congo/story-fn5fsgyc-1227079885896
AIDS emerged in Belgian Congo in 1920s

Daily Telegraph Australia , 04/10/2014

http://www.dailytelegraph.com.au/news/breaking-news/aids-emerged-in-belgian-congo-in-1920s/story-fni0xqlk-1227079850657
The truth about the origins of AIDS

Daily Telegraph Australia, 04/10/2014

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AIDS emerged in Belgian Congo in 1920s

Perth Now (Australia), 04/10/2014

http://www.perthnow.com.au/news/breaking-news/aids-emerged-in-belgian-congo-in-1920s/story-fnhrvfwz-1227079850657?from=public_rss

AIDS emerged in Belgian Congo in 1920s

Brisbane Courier-Mail (Australia), 04/10/2014

http://www.couriermail.com.au/news/breaking-news/aids-emerged-in-belgian-congo-in-1920s/story-fnihsg6t-1227079850657?from=public_rss
The truth about the origins of AIDS

Brisbane Courier-Mail (Australia), 04/10/2014

http://www.couriermail.com.au/technology/science/oxford-university-researchers-show-hiv-originated-in-kinshasa-democratic-republic-of-congo/story-fniho479-1227079885896
HIV emerged in Belgian Congo in 1920s

Brisbane Times (Australia), 04/10/2014

http://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/world/hiv-emerged-in-belgian-congo-in-1920s-20141004-10qapr.html

The truth about the origins of AIDS

Perth Now (Australia), 04/10/2014

http://www.perthnow.com.au/technology/oxford-university-researchers-show-hiv-originated-in-kinshasa-democratic-republic-of-congo/story-fnhod58u-1227079885896

HIV emerged in Belgian Congo in 1920s

The Age (Australia), 04/10/2014

http://www.theage.com.au/world/hiv-emerged-in-belgian-congo-in-1920s-20141004-10qapr.html

The truth about the origins of AIDS

Adelaide Now (Australia), 04/10/2014

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HIV pandemic’s genesis in the 1920s was in Kinshasa, say scientists

The Hindu (India), via The Guardian, 03/10/2014, Ian Sample

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HIV virus began in 'Democratic Republic of the Congo'

Business Standard (India), 03/10/2014

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HIV pandemic originated in Kinshasa in 1920s: study
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HIV pandemic originated in Kinshasa in 1920s: study

Financial Express (India), 03/10/2014

http://www.financialexpress.com/news/hiv-pandemic-originated-in-kinshasa-in-1920s-study/1295270

Scientists discover HIV virus originated in Congo's Kinshasa

DNA India, 04/10/2014

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HIV pandemic's roots traced back to 1920s Kinshasa

Fox News online (USA), 03/10/2014

http://www.foxnews.com/health/2014/10/03/hiv-pandemic-roots-traced-back-to-120s-kinshasa/

HIV’s roots traced back to 1920s Congo

Globe & Mail (Canada), 03/10/2014

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HIV's origins traced to Kinshasa in 1920s

Channel NewsAsia (Singapore), 03/10/2014

http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/health/hiv-s-origins-traced-to/1396482.html